KIHON: The Fundamentals or kihon are the most important aspect of karate training. Hence Kihon covers every aspect of Karate training. Kihon in karate-do can be compared to the foundation of a building- no matter how beautiful a building may look, unless the foundation is good, the building will always be weak. There is a saying that the karate of JKA begins and ends with the three Ks – Kihon, Kata & Kumite however both Kata and Kumite depend on correct Kihon to be good. Therefore, whether it be the course of the movement, the speed of the movement, the strength of the movement, the posture required, the correct musculature to be used, the correct form of breathing, all these are factors that comprise the practice of Kihon.

KATA: Karate Kata or the formal exercise of karate consists of a series of basic techniques of Blocking, Punching, Striking and Kicking which are logically and orderly combined. The formal exercises are a systematically organized series of offensive and defensive techniques performed in a set sequence. A karate player preforms a kata as if fighting imaginary enemies attacking him from different directions which determine the performance lines. Every movement in a kata has a meaning defining either defense or offence. The various kata have been developed by ancient masters through experience. Every ‘kata’ begins with a defensive technique. The kata which are practiced in the present day can be divided into two groups. one, those kata that lookssimple but at the same time show elegance and majesty and can be used for building up the physique. The other group is suggestive of fast and can be used for acquiring fast reflexes and reaction timing. By practicing Kata one can exercise the whole body as bending, stretching, jumping, and turning are all present.

KUMITE: In kumite two men face off demonstrating defensive and offensive techniques ensuring that while the techniques are being performed that balance is not lost. Basically kumite can be considered the application of fundamentals learned in kata. In the dojo, the Sensei would always advise that training for improvement in kata is necessary for the improvement in kumite. The senior masters of the JKA always stress that Kata and kumite are like the two wheels of cart. In the early days, jiyu Kumite was unknown and it was only with the introduction in the universities of Japan that modern karatekas took to Jiyu Kumite to test their skills against one another.

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